Alcohol - Last Update: January 2020
Brandy is distilled from fruit (commonly grapes). It generally tastes like wine made from grapes.
Gin is distilled from juniper berries. It has a distinctive flavor and aroma of pine. Some call it "Christmas tree" taste.
Rum is distilled from sugarcane juice or molasses (sugarcane byproducts). No matter the base, the underlying flavor profile of rum is a sweet, toasted sugar.
Vodka is distilled from starch/sugar-rich plant matter. It's distilled many times to a very high proof, removing almost all impurities, and then watered down to desired strength. Since just about all impurities are removed, it can be made from just about anything. Potatoes, grain, or a mixture are most common. It does not have flavor unless mixed with other drinks or flavored with fruits.
Whiskey is distilled from fermented grain mash. The grain can be any of several, or a mix, that might include corn, wheat, rye, or barley. It generally tastes like beer.
Cappuccino: This beloved drink is two ounces of espresso topped with another two ounces of steamed milk and finished with two ounces of foamed milk.
Americano: Still not your regular drip coffee , this beverage is two ounces of espresso mixed with three ounces of hot water.
Mocha: The perfect cure for a chocolate craving, this beverage is 60 ml of espresso, 50 ml of chocolate, and 30 ml of steamed milk.
Flat White: With two ounces of espresso to four ounces of steamed milk , this drink may be a little more palatable if you’re not a fan of strong coffee flavor.
Latte: This beverage is a blend of two ounces of espresso and ten ounces of steamed milk. It’s topped with the tiniest hint—about 2 ml—of foamed milk.
Espresso (Short Black): • 1 Shot of espresso in an espresso cup
Double Espresso (Doppio): • 2 shots of espresso in an espresso cup
Short Macchiato: • 1 Shot of espresso in a short glass or espresso cup• A dollop of steamed milk and foam placed on top of the espresso
Long Macchiato: • 2 shots of espresso in a tumbler glass or cup• A dollop of steamed milk and foam placed on top of the espresso
Ristretto: • Extract a standard espresso shot with half the amount of water.• Alternatively turn off a normal espresso extraction before the espresso starts to blonde
Long Black (Americano): • Fill a cup with 2/3rds full of hot water• Extract 1 shot of espresso over the hot water
Café Latte: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a tumbler glass• Add steamed milk• 1cm of micro-foam on top of the steamed milk
Cappuccino: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add steamed milk• Add 2-3cm of micro-foam on top of the steamed milk• Sprinkle chocolate on top of the coffee
Flat White: • 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add steamed milk into the cup but no micro-foam
Piccolo Latte: • 1 shot of espresso or 1 ristretto shot of espresso in a espresso cup• Add steamed milk and small amount of micro-foam
Mocha: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add one spoon of chocolate powder into the espresso shot and mix• Add steamed milk• Add 2-3cm of micro-foam• Sprinkle chocolate powder on top
Affogato: • Add one scoop of vanilla ice-cream into a tumbler glass milk• Pour a single or double shot of espresso over the vanilla ice-cream
Food & Drink
Red Wine vs White Wine
Red wines are heavier and more complex than white wine, and often tend to be less sweet.
White wines have a wide range of taste. Some white wines are very sweet, and others dry. White wine has light, fruity flavors. White wines pair with fish, poultry, pork, and fruit.
Red wines tend to be on the bitter side, with a puckering taste. Red wine is bolder and has more complexity. Red wines go great with beef, pork, chocolate, and cheeses.
The main difference between red and white wines is the amount of tannins they have. Since tannins largely come from the grape skins, red wines have more of them than white wines. Red wine acquires it's tannins in the process of maceration (leaving juice to mix together with the skin, seeds and woody bits). It is the tannins and skins of the red grapes which are released into the wine that contribute to the deep color and flavor of red wine. Tannins have a slightly bitter taste and create a dry puckery sensation in the mouth and in the back of the throat; and often lend a wonderful complexity to red wine. They also help preserve the wine. This is why red wines are usually aged longer than white wines.
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