Alcoholic Drink - Last Update: April 2022
Brandy is distilled from fruit (commonly grapes). It generally tastes like wine made from grapes.
Gin is distilled from juniper berries. It has a distinctive flavor and aroma of pine. Some call it "Christmas tree" taste.
Rum is distilled from sugarcane juice or molasses (sugarcane byproducts). No matter the base, the underlying flavor profile of rum is a sweet, toasted sugar.
Vodka is distilled from starch/sugar-rich plant matter. It's distilled many times to a very high proof, removing almost all impurities, and then watered down to desired strength. Since just about all impurities are removed, it can be made from just about anything. Potatoes, grain, or a mixture are most common. It does not have flavor unless mixed with other drinks or flavored with fruits.
Whiskey is distilled from fermented grain mash. The grain can be any of several, or a mix, that might include corn, wheat, rye, or barley. It generally tastes like beer.
Red Wine vs White Wine
Red wines are heavier and more complex than white wine, and often tend to be less sweet.
White wines have a wide range of taste. Some white wines are very sweet, and others dry. White wine has light, fruity flavors. White wines pair with fish, poultry, pork, and fruit.
Red wines tend to be on the bitter side, with a puckering taste. Red wine is bolder and has more complexity. Red wines go great with beef, pork, chocolate, and cheeses.
The main difference between red and white wines is the amount of tannins they have. Since tannins largely come from the grape skins, red wines have more of them than white wines. Red wine acquires it's tannins in the process of maceration (leaving juice to mix together with the skin, seeds and woody bits). It is the tannins and skins of the red grapes which are released into the wine that contribute to the deep color and flavor of red wine. Tannins have a slightly bitter taste and create a dry puckery sensation in the mouth and in the back of the throat; and often lend a wonderful complexity to red wine. They also help preserve the wine. This is why red wines are usually aged longer than white wines.
Beauty / Cosmetic / Skin Care
Best to avoid these ingredients if you have sensitive skin: denatured alcohol, fragrance, fragrance essential oils, and citrus extract/oil
Note: If the complete ingredient list is NOT listed on the company website. It may not be worth buying. [ choose US / EU / international version of the site if possible ]
Note on Salicylic Acid (BHA), FDA requires it to be listed with percentage if it in in concentrations of 0.5 to 2 percent. Source: 1 , 2
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Cappuccino: This beloved drink is two ounces of espresso topped with another two ounces of steamed milk and finished with two ounces of foamed milk.
Americano: Still not your regular drip coffee , this beverage is two ounces of espresso mixed with three ounces of hot water.
Mocha: The perfect cure for a chocolate craving, this beverage is 60 ml of espresso, 50 ml of chocolate, and 30 ml of steamed milk.
Flat White: With two ounces of espresso to four ounces of steamed milk , this drink may be a little more palatable if you’re not a fan of strong coffee flavor.
Latte: This beverage is a blend of two ounces of espresso and ten ounces of steamed milk. It’s topped with the tiniest hint—about 2 ml—of foamed milk.
Espresso (Short Black): • 1 Shot of espresso in an espresso cup
Double Espresso (Doppio): • 2 shots of espresso in an espresso cup
Short Macchiato: • 1 Shot of espresso in a short glass or espresso cup• A dollop of steamed milk and foam placed on top of the espresso
Long Macchiato: • 2 shots of espresso in a tumbler glass or cup• A dollop of steamed milk and foam placed on top of the espresso
Ristretto: • Extract a standard espresso shot with half the amount of water.• Alternatively turn off a normal espresso extraction before the espresso starts to blonde
Long Black (Americano): • Fill a cup with 2/3rds full of hot water• Extract 1 shot of espresso over the hot water
Café Latte: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a tumbler glass• Add steamed milk• 1cm of micro-foam on top of the steamed milk
Cappuccino: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add steamed milk• Add 2-3cm of micro-foam on top of the steamed milk• Sprinkle chocolate on top of the coffee
Flat White: • 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add steamed milk into the cup but no micro-foam
Piccolo Latte: • 1 shot of espresso or 1 ristretto shot of espresso in a espresso cup• Add steamed milk and small amount of micro-foam
Mocha: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add one spoon of chocolate powder into the espresso shot and mix• Add steamed milk• Add 2-3cm of micro-foam• Sprinkle chocolate powder on top
Affogato: • Add one scoop of vanilla ice-cream into a tumbler glass milk• Pour a single or double shot of espresso over the vanilla ice-cream
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Lip Balm (as recommended by Consumer Council in Dec-2021)
- Does not contain MOSH(飽和碳氫化合物) & MOAH(芳香碳氫化合物), that can cause carcinogenic
「lavera 有機抗敏潤唇膏」 $39
「L’Occitane Ultra Rich Lip Balm」 $95
「Dr. Hauschka 滋養潤唇膏」 $160
「BURT’S BEES 蜜蠟皇牌潤唇膏」 $45.9
「KISS ME MOMMY 無添加潤唇膏（香甜草莓）」 $38
「The Body Shop Pink Grapefruit Lip Butter」 $79
Pain Killer (acetaminophen vs aspirin vs ibuprofen)
How long you can take medications after opening them
Should you take Tylenol, Advil, or aspirin for pain? Here's what the evidence says.
Acetaminophen [500-1000mg]: "It's an old drug, obsolete, and should be avoided altogether."
Aspirin [500-1000mg]: Aspirin is safer than acetaminophen. To be used as a pain reliever it requires much higher doses — which can have side effects like stomach upset. Aspirin also interferes with blood coagulation for days after taking it. "If you take one gram of aspirin," Brune explained, "you're at risk of bleeding for another four days." This is why aspirin has its place as a protective agent against strokes and heart attacks for people at a higher risk.
Ibuprofen [400mg]: "Ibuprofen puts people at risk of bleeds in the gastrointestinal tract and kidney damage". Using it in high doses also seems to raise blood pressure and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke — one reason the FDA recently warned people should only use ibuprofen (and other "nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs," or NSAIDS) for short periods of time and in small amounts.
NSAIDs ease pain, lower fever, and turn down inflammation. They can be very helpful for pain arising from inflammation-related conditions such as arthritis. Acetaminophen eases pain and fever, but does not affect inflammation. Patients with kidney, gastric, cardiovascular, or bleeding problems may need to avoid NSAIDS.
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