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Alcoholic Drink - Last Update: April 2022

Brandy is distilled from fruit (commonly grapes). It generally tastes like wine made from grapes.

Gin is distilled from juniper berries. It has a distinctive flavor and aroma of pine. Some call it "Christmas tree" taste.

Rum is distilled from sugarcane juice or molasses (sugarcane byproducts). No matter the base, the underlying flavor profile of rum is a sweet, toasted sugar.

Vodka is distilled from starch/sugar-rich plant matter. It's distilled many times to a very high proof, removing almost all impurities, and then watered down to desired strength. Since just about all impurities are removed, it can be made from just about anything. Potatoes, grain, or a mixture are most common. It does not have flavor unless mixed with other drinks or flavored with fruits.

Whiskey is distilled from fermented grain mash. The grain can be any of several, or a mix, that might include corn, wheat, rye, or barley. It generally tastes like beer.
 

Red Wine vs White Wine

Red wines are heavier and more complex than white wine, and often tend to be less sweet.

White wines have a wide range of taste. Some white wines are very sweet, and others dry. White wine has light, fruity flavors. White wines pair with fish, poultry, pork, and fruit.

Red wines tend to be on the bitter side, with a puckering taste. Red wine is bolder and has more complexity. Red wines go great with beef, pork, chocolate, and cheeses.

The main difference between red and white wines is the amount of tannins they have. Since tannins largely come from the grape skins, red wines have more of them than white wines. Red wine acquires it's tannins in the process of maceration (leaving juice to mix together with the skin, seeds and woody bits). It is the tannins and skins of the red grapes which are released into the wine that contribute to the deep color and flavor of red wine. Tannins have a slightly bitter taste and create a dry puckery sensation in the mouth and in the back of the throat; and often lend a wonderful complexity to red wine. They also help preserve the wine. This is why red wines are usually aged longer than white wines.

Automobile

Car And Driver

Edmunds

Globe and Mail - Globe Drive

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NewCarTestDrive

New York Times - Automobiles

The Fast Lane Car

 

Tom's Key Company (US/CA)

Used Car Buying Guide

When This Happens, Don’t Buy a Used Car

 

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ANCAP - Australasian New Car Assessment Program

Euro NCAP

Fuel Economy

IIHS - Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

NHTSA - National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Beauty / Cosmetic / Skin Care

Best to avoid these ingredients if you have sensitive skin: denatured alcohol, fragrance, fragrance essential oils, and citrus extract/oil

Note: If the complete ingredient list is NOT listed on the company website. It may not be worth buying. [ choose US / EU / international version of the site if possible ]

Note on Salicylic Acid (BHA), FDA requires it to be listed with percentage if it in in concentrations of 0.5 to 2 percent. Source: 1 , 2

- CosDNA (ingredients analyze)

- EWG (ingredients analyze)

- INCIDecoder (ingredients analyze)

- Paul's Choice (ingredients analyze)

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Cosmetic Calculator (check production date & shelf life)

Cosmetics Info

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Retinol - What & why should you add it to you skincare routine?

Safe Cosmetics - Chemicals of Concern

Salicylic Acid - What Does It do

Sunscreens - Shedding the light on it

SpecialChem - Cosmetics Ingredients Selection - Buffering & Neutralizing Agents

Coffee

Cappuccino: This beloved drink is two ounces of espresso topped with another two ounces of steamed milk and finished with two ounces of foamed milk.

Americano: Still not your regular drip coffee , this beverage is two ounces of espresso mixed with three ounces of hot water.

Mocha: The perfect cure for a chocolate craving, this beverage is 60 ml of espresso, 50 ml of chocolate, and 30 ml of steamed milk.

Flat White: With two ounces of espresso to four ounces of steamed milk , this drink may be a little more palatable if you’re not a fan of strong coffee flavor.

Latte: This beverage is a blend of two ounces of espresso and ten ounces of steamed milk. It’s topped with the tiniest hint—about 2 ml—of foamed milk.

 

Espresso (Short Black): • 1 Shot of espresso in an espresso cup

Double Espresso (Doppio): • 2 shots of espresso in an espresso cup

Short Macchiato: • 1 Shot of espresso in a short glass or espresso cup• A dollop of steamed milk and foam placed on top of the espresso

Long Macchiato: • 2 shots of espresso in a tumbler glass or cup• A dollop of steamed milk and foam placed on top of the espresso
-A little milder than an espresso; short macchiato taste bitter but less harsh than an espresso shot. Long macchiato is stronger in taste; it has a double shot of espresso that makes it stronger and bitter.

Ristretto: • Extract a standard espresso shot with half the amount of water.• Alternatively turn off a normal espresso extraction before the espresso starts to blonde

Long Black (Americano): • Fill a cup with 2/3rds full of hot water• Extract 1 shot of espresso over the hot water
-In simplified terms, it could be said that they are diluted espresso shots. It is bitter and strong; an Americano is usually taken without flavoring or sugar. They are rich and aromatic, but lack any sort of creamy or milky texture.

Café Latte: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a tumbler glass• Add steamed milk• 1cm of micro-foam on top of the steamed milk
-A bit towards the milder side, lattes taste less strong due to the milk content. The ratio of 1 part espresso and 3-5 parts steamed milk makes this the perfect coffee for people looking for coffees with a slightly less strong and bitter tasting.

Cappuccino: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add steamed milk• Add 2-3cm of micro-foam on top of the steamed milk• Sprinkle chocolate on top of the coffee
-Loved for its creamy texture and taste; A cappuccino has more milk foam. Moreover, when ordering a cup of cappuccino, it is important to keep in mind that it is less voluminous than a latte because it has a higher ratio of milk foam. Creamier in taste, cappuccinos are layered with textured milk foam that adds that extra rich texture.

Flat White: • 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add steamed milk into the cup but no micro-foam
-They taste similar to a cappuccino but lack that extra flavor that cappuccino gets from chocolate dusting and foam as toppings.

Piccolo Latte: • 1 shot of espresso or 1 ristretto shot of espresso in a espresso cup• Add steamed milk and small amount of micro-foam
-Though bitter, the harshness of the espresso shot is lessened by the addition of rich milk.

Mocha: • Extract 1 shot of espresso into a cup• Add one spoon of chocolate powder into the espresso shot and mix• Add steamed milk• Add 2-3cm of micro-foam• Sprinkle chocolate powder on top
-Loved by many, these hot drinks have a lovely hot chocolate meets coffee taste. The bitterness of the espresso shot is mellowed down to a great extent by using the milk and chocolate powder.

Affogato: • Add one scoop of vanilla ice-cream into a tumbler glass milk• Pour a single or double shot of espresso over the vanilla ice-cream
-Creamy and delicious, the scoop of vanilla ice-cream in a shot of espresso makes affogato sweet lovers favorite. The bitterness and harshness of the espresso shot is mellowed out by the large scoop of vanilla ice cream goodness.

Food

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Pancake Receipe

Pizza Dough Recipe

Health & Exercise

BecomeAPersonalTrainer: Exercise Encyclopedia

Family Doctor

Glasses: Do you need blue light lenses

WebMD

Lip Balm (as recommended by Consumer Council in Dec-2021)

- Does not contain MOSH(飽和碳氫化合物) & MOAH(芳香碳氫化合物), that can cause carcinogenic

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「Jurlique純天然護唇霜」 $230

「L’Occitane Ultra Rich Lip Balm」 $95

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「KISS ME MOMMY 無添加潤唇膏(香甜草莓)」 $38

「The Body Shop Pink Grapefruit Lip Butter」 $79

Pain Killer (acetaminophen vs aspirin vs ibuprofen)

How long you can take medications after opening them

Should you take Tylenol, Advil, or aspirin for pain? Here's what the evidence says.

Acetaminophen [500-1000mg]: "It's an old drug, obsolete, and should be avoided altogether."

Aspirin [500-1000mg]: Aspirin is safer than acetaminophen. To be used as a pain reliever it requires much higher doses — which can have side effects like stomach upset. Aspirin also interferes with blood coagulation for days after taking it. "If you take one gram of aspirin," Brune explained, "you're at risk of bleeding for another four days." This is why aspirin has its place as a protective agent against strokes and heart attacks for people at a higher risk.

Ibuprofen [400mg]: "Ibuprofen puts people at risk of bleeds in the gastrointestinal tract and kidney damage". Using it in high doses also seems to raise blood pressure and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke — one reason the FDA recently warned people should only use ibuprofen (and other "nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs," or NSAIDS) for short periods of time and in small amounts.

NSAIDs ease pain, lower fever, and turn down inflammation. They can be very helpful for pain arising from inflammation-related conditions such as arthritis. Acetaminophen eases pain and fever, but does not affect inflammation. Patients with kidney, gastric, cardiovascular, or bleeding problems may need to avoid NSAIDS.


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